Specificity of chernozem podzolic isotopic composition and agricultural products that was growing on it

  • A. Revtie
  • Ye. Hldkikh
  • M. Miroshnychenko
  • V. Schwartau
  • L. Mykhal’ska
Keywords: ion, isotopic composition, mass spectrometer, chernozems podzolic, anhydrous ammonia, translocation

Abstract

The article aims to assess the features of the chernozem podzolic and crops isotopic composition, as well as their changes under the influence of anthropogenic factors, in particular, the application of mineral fertilizers. Contents of elements and their isotopes in the plants and soil samples was determined by a mass spectrometer with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-MS). The article describes importance of studies the soil and plants isotopic composition for indication biogeochemical and geochemical processes of human evolution soils, deficient macro-, micro- and ultramicroelements for plant nutrition. Have been considered perspective areas of research “soil-plant” system isotopic composition, been compared the content of acid-soluble forms the elements and their isotopes in the chernozem podzolized with Clark. Mass fraction of chemical elements in the chernozem podzolized, given the specifics of its genesis, is following: 56Fe > 39K > 43Ca > 70Zn > 55Mn > 50Cr > 24Mg > 23Na > 34S > 67Zn > 68Zn > 66Zn > 52Cr > 31P > 99Mo > 64Zn > 35Cl > 63Cu > 59Co > 78Se > 127I > 95Mo > 98Mo. For the investigated chernozem podzolic in comparison with other chernozems is characteristic the accumulation of biogenic Mn, Zn and Se.Have been established the specific features of the application of anhydrous ammonia effect on the elemental composition of chernozems podzolic at different distances from its localization zones. Have been determined contrast accumulation in plants of different isotopes under influence application of different types of nitrogen fertilizer. The concentration of acid-soluble Ca, Mg, Co, Mn increases as it approaches to the tape fertilizers and Se, S, Mo, Na, P, on the contrary, decreases.Have been established selective absorption by plants from the soil 70Zn isotope compared to 67Zn, 68Zn, 66Zn and 64Zn, isotope 53V above 53V, 52Cr above 50Cr. The isotopes 43Sa and 46Sa, 86Sr and 88Sr, 85Rb and 87Rb are absorbed by plants equally. The correlation relationship between their content in plants and soil has been determined. In chernozem podzolized and plants of winter wheat determined a close correlation between content of 70Zn, 66Zn, 64Zn, 35Cl, 67Zn, 68Zn, 56Fe, 31P; in chernozem podzolized and sunflower determined a close correlation between content of 63Cu, 52Cr, 34S, 50Cr, 43Ca, 56Fe, 64Zn, 98Mo, 66Zn.

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Published
2017-01-23
Section
Agricultural sciences (agronomics, agricultural ecology, land reclamation, ecology, crops husbandry, farming)