Wetland birds of the Svyatoshyn ponds in Kyiv and their seasonal changes
AbstractSvyatoshyn ponds are the biggest in area terms in Kyiv. The ponds are located onNivkaRiver. Generally published data on waterfowl and water birds of Kyiv and Kyiv outskirts is dedicated to wintering and migration or discovery rare species. AndDnieperRiverand Kyiv reservoir storage were main area for previous research. Studies of waterfowl and water avifauna in Kyiv beyond theDnieperarea of are primarily conducted just in wintering period. The registration data concerning waterfowl and water avifauna at this region beyond the wintering period of are practically absent. Therefore we decided to carry out the qualitative and quantitative exploration of avifauna of Svyatoshyn ponds area. This exploration covered to wintering, breeding, spring and autumn migration periods.The registration data of avifauna of Svyatoshyn ponds area collected by authors during 2008–2011 as well as available published information were used for writing this paper. Standard methods for registration of waterfowl and water birds such a route method and registration from one point were practiced. In 2010 during breeding period the registration of waterfowl birds broods was conducted. Binoculars 7×50 and 10×50 as well as spyglass with 20× multiple zooming were used during registrations.Waterfowl and water birds of the Svyatoshyn ponds in Kyiv were studied and 33 bird’s species were found. 4 of them are breeding species: Great Crested Grebe, Mallard, Coot and Moorhen. Coot had the most broods from other species – sixteen. Spring avifauna includes 23 species of birds, summer avifauna – 18 species, autumn avifauna – 12 species, and winter avifauna includes 7 species. In summer Black-headed Gull, Coot and Black Tern are the most numerous species; in autumn Mallard and Black-headed Gull are the most numerous; in winter Mallard has highest number.One of the observed species is Corncrake listed in the World Red Book of IUCN. Black Kite and Lapwing pointed out during the registrations are put into European Red List of Birds. The Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats protects 32 species of birds, and the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS, Bonn Convention) – 18 species of birds registered in Svyatoshyn ponds area. In addition, The Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) protects 16 observed species of birds. Black Kite and White-tailed Eagle are protected by The Washington Convention (CITES) and these two bird species are listed in the Red Book of Ukraine. Little Bittern, Black Kite, Corncrake, Kingfisher are put into Kyiv Red List.The species representation of avifauna of Svyatoshyn ponds area stably decreases from spring to winter period. In spite of major anthropogenic pressure the ponds serve as an important breeding and migration resting areas as well as wintering areas for waterfowl and water birds.ornithofauna; avifauna; Svyatoshyn ponds; breeding species; brood; winter avifauna; most numerous
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