Inventory and evaluation of ecological threats for protected areas (on an example of the Kaniv Nature Reserve) (р. )

  • M. Chorniy
  • V. Grishchenko
Keywords: nature conservation, ecological threats, protected ecosystems, succession, pollution


Ecological threats for protected areas are not enough studied inUkraine. Aim of the paper is the determination of such threats and analysis of their influence on ecosystems of the nature reserve on basis of long-term monitoring research. The Kaniv Nature Reserve is a convenient object for the study because it has considerable landscape and biotic diversity, is subject to influence of wide spectrum of anthropogenic factors, has well investigated ecosystems. Scientific research was conducted during the long time. It allows to analyse spatial as well as temporal parameters. For the first time 29 ecological threats were identified: flood, drainage, swamping, pasture, recreation, fires, felling, destruction of plants and animals, building up, afforestation, ploughing up, communal and domestic effluents, dumps, transport, communications, industrial and agricultural pollutions, hydroelectric power station, erosion, open pits, mudflows, landslips, abrasion, biological (genetic) pollution, disturbance of animals, insufficiency of the area and nonoptimal configuration, withdrawal of areas, scientific ungrounded management, reservational successions. Four last ones are specific for nature reserves. Functioning of the Kaniv hydroelectric power station, withdrawal of areas, biological pollution, fires, reservational successions are considered as the most dangerous for the ecosystems of the nature reserve. Meadow steppe plots and flood-plain islands are the most vulnerable. Ecosystems of hornbeam forest are the most stable. Many problems resulted from the creation of the Kaniv hydroelectric power station and water reservoir. Large areas were flooded (including an island of the nature reserve), normal flow of the river was broken and the daily water-level in theDnieperis not stable.


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Biological sciences