Features of accumulation of waste and ways of processing in the Vinnitsa region (p.)
Keywords: accumulation of waste, recycling, ash-slag waste, mineral waste, household waste
AbstractFor Vinnichina is an actual problem of industrial and domestic waste. In preparing the article the materials of the Main Department of used Statistics in theVinnitsaregion on the accumulation and disposal of waste; Concept of National waste management program for 2013–2020 years. Also were used methods of research analysis and evaluation.InVinnitsaregion during 2012 was formed 3132604,8 tons of waste. 71 % of these belong to the animal and plant. They are easily decomposed by decomposers to inorganic compounds and are not dangerous for the environment. They are easily decomposed by decomposers to inorganic compounds and are included in the circulation of substances and pose no risk to the environment. Of the total number of animal and plant waste – 2034127,8 tons, only 34 % and 2 % recycled burned for power.The share of waste combustion accounts for 15 % – 466699,6 tons basic amount of waste belongs Ladyzhyn TPP and presents ash-slag mixture. The share of mineral waste is 8,3 % – 259572,1 tons, waste of household and similar is 4,2 % – 130502,9 tonsOf the total number generated waste 27,3 % is recycled and recyclable, and even 1,4 % is burned to produce energy. Not including animal and vegetable waste, most processed conventional sediment – 1440 tones, representing 0,17 % of recycled waste and 5,13 % of the precipitate formed, waste combustion – 1421,6 tons, which is 0,17 % of waste recycled and 0,3 % of the total generated waste combustion.Share of waste burned for energy, is 1,4 %. In addition to animal and vegetable waste, 11,5 % of the burned waste accounts for waste wood, which thus recycled 77,5 % of waste generated in this group.In period from 2010 to 2012 years, the number of generated waste in theVinnitsaregion has increased by 1,7 times, but the proportion of waste I – III hazard class decreased 1,4 times. The number of reclaimed and recycled waste increased by 19,6 % and reduced the number of waste in designated areas by 16,3 %.InVinnitsaregion combustion, mineral and household wastes are the most dangerous. This requires their broader utilization and recycling. The issue of household waste, especially in the regional center, begins to resolved, while ash-slag waste Ladyzhyn TPP utilized and processed back in insufficient quantities, requiring more intense action in this area.
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