Protection of rare species Paeonia anomala L. in the Southern Urals (p.)
AbstractIn article results of the study of introduction of a rare species of flora Bashkortostan Paeonia anomala L. on the basis of Botanical Garden-Institute, Ufa Science Centre. In the republic known reliably 7 points his whereabouts. The total number of recorded species does not exceed 1000 copies, so needed re-introduction events. In connection with this introduction as a method to preserve rare species of local flora becomes relevant. The purpose was to study the biological characteristics of P. anomala in the conditions of introduction to conservation of genetic diversity of the South Ural populations. Of introduction of research conducted on the plots of the collection area peonies Botanical garden in 2005–2013 years. Agronomical actions include weeding, hoeing and watering as needed. The following are details of phenological observations, biometric indicators and elements of the form of seed productivity in culture and in vivo growth. The problems of the expanded reproduction of P. anomala using plant growth regulator Biodux. Single treatment of P. anomala in spring regrowth phase has significantly intensify physiological processes in plant cells, which led to a significant increase (in 1,1–1,9 times) almost all studied parameters biomorphological (40 of 43).The estimation of success of the introduction of P. anomala in the forest-steppe zone of the Bashkir Urals on the complex biological and economic characteristics. Scores obtained allowed him to carry the species are highly resistant. Introducents of this group of winter-hardy and drought-resistant, and regular mass bloom, fruit, give the unit self-seeding, are not affected by diseases and pests. The studies on the basis of Botanical garden created uterine mass plantation for seed and planting material to be used in subsequent re-introduction works.
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