The role of xylophagous beetles in beech natural forests and virgin forests.
AbstractPrimeval ecosystems of the Carpathians have versatile natural and scientific, eco-educational, standard forest and landscape-aesthetic value. They are the natural models for renaturalization of the transformed forest stands and forest management according to the example of close-to-nature forestry.Coleoptera in virgin forestsand natural forests occupy different ecological niches, meeting in the composition of various environmental groups.The positive role of xylophagousinsects in forest ecosystems is their active participation in the cycle of organic matter, which greatly exceeds the role of individual species as pests.In undisturbed forest ecosystem xylophagousinsectsperform an important role by processing bark and wood drying during natural rainfall trees and thereby expediting the return to the soil of necessary minerals.Xylophagousinsectsin beechvirgin forests are involved in the refinement and expansion of dead wood, accelerating natural forest cleaning of dead wood. They feed by the larvae of insect herbivores, so there is a natural pest regulation of forestry.Taking into account the scientific, natural, forestry signifi cance of primeval ecosystems their protection need to be suppported within the frame of nature protection fund.
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