Simplified method ology of the determination of horses higher nervous activity type

  • M. Tarasenko
  • M. Petrushko
Keywords: horse, methodology, higher nervous activity type, external irritant, motive-food conditioned reflex

Abstract

The methodology of the organization and carrying out the test on the determination of higher nervous activity type and force of the nervous system of horses based on the development in a horse of motive-food conditioned reflex on a feeder with a feed has been described, and also the complex system of analysis of the results got during the experiment has been expounded in the article.According to the proposed methodology the experiment is carrying out during three days. In the first day the conditioned reflex of going to the right feeder with a feed is development in a horse. On the second day it is made the single and double “alteration” of the conditionally-reflex stereotype, twice changing a feeding trough with a feed and empty feeder. On the third day the stability of the conditioned reflex is tested by the action of one strong external irritant (a cloth of the red color, stretched between two racks, vertically mounted on the ground).The conclusion about the higher nervous activity type is made on the basis of speed of the formation, “alteration” and stability to the external irritants of the motive-food conditioned reflex of a horse, which is development on a feeding trough with a feed.The proposed methodology can be used for the determination of higher nervous activity type of the breeding, sport, workers and customary horses at the age from two years. This methodology allows considerably reduce the time spending on the determination of higher nervous activity type, and also practically simplify carrying out the test and analysis of the results got during the experiment, not reducing their objectivity.

References

Ашибоков Л.Х. Состояние нервной системы и тренированность чистокровной лошади / Л.Х. Ашибоков, Г.Г. Назаров // Коневодство и конный спорт. – 1970. – № 3. – С. 30–31.

Горбуков М.А. Методические особенности тестирования лошадей по типам высшей нервной деятельности / М.А. Горбуков, Э.А. Байгина // Зоотехническая наука Беларуси: сб. науч. трудов. – Минск, 2002. – Т. 37. ‒ С. 121.

Определение типа высшей нервной деятельности лошадей / [Г.Г. Карлсен, Л.Х. Ашибоков, И.Л. Брейтшер, М.А. Леонова, A.M. Ползунова]. – М.: Изд-во ВНИИК, 1970. – 70 с.

Касумов М.С. Связь типа ВНД с работоспособностью у лошадей / М.С. Касумов // Вопросы физиологии животных. – М.; Л., 1937. – С. 79–81.

Монаенков А.М. Иммунологическая реактивность и тип нервной системы / А.М. Монаенков. – М.: Медицина, 1970. – 271 с.

Никитина Д.А. Взаимосвязь типа высшей нервной деятельности с работоспособностью лошадей русской верховой породы: диссертация на соиск. ученой степени канд. с.-х. наук: 06.02.10 / Д.А. Никитина. – М., 2011. – 194 с.

Паршутин Г.В. Связь типов высшей нервной деятельности лошадей с их пользовательными качествами / Г.В. Паршутин // Тезисы докладов XX совещания по проблемам ВНД. ‒ М.; Л., 1963. – 190 с.

Пэрн Э. Значение свойств нервной системы для спортивной лошади / Э. Пэрн // Коневодство и конный спорт. – 1966. – № 5. – С. 34–36.

Ashibokov, L.H., Nazarov, G.G. (1970). The nervous system condition and trained of the thoroughbred horse. Horse breeding and equestrian sport. № 3, 30–31.

Gorbukov, M.A., Baygina, E.A. (2002). Methodical features of the testing of horses by higher nervous activity types. Zootechnical science of Belarus. The collection of scientific papers. Minsk, 37, 121.

Karlsen, G.G., Ashibokov, L.H., Breytsher, I.L., Leonova, M.A., Polzunova, A.M. (1970). The determination of the horses higher nervous activity type. All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Horse Breeding, 70.

Kasumov, M.S. (1937). The relation between the higher nervous activity type and work capacity in horses. Questions of animal physiology. Moscow; Leningrad, 79–81.

Monaenkov, A.M. (1970). The immunological reactivity and type of nervous system. Moscow: Medicina, 271.

Nikitina, D.A. (2011). The interrelation of the higher nervous activity type with the work capacity of horses of the Russian riding breed: the dissertation for the degree of candidate of agricultural sciences: 06.02.10. Мoscow, 194.

Parshutin, G.V. (1963). The relation between the higher nervous activity types of horses and their user qualities. Theses of the reports of the XXth conference on problems of higher nervous activity. Moscow; Leningrad, 190.

Pern, E. (1966). The significance of the properties of the nervous system for the sport horse. Horse breeding and equestrian sport. № 5, 34–36.

Published
2017-07-07
Section
Agricultural sciences (animal husbandry)