Diagnostic of sugar beet’s irrigation by the method of “Penman‒Monteith” in the conditions of a drip irrigation of the Steppe of Ukraine

  • A. Shatkovs’ky
  • O. Zhuravlev
Keywords: evapotranspiration, coefficient of culture, irrigation rate, drip irrigation, method of “Penman–Monteith”, sugar beet

Abstract

The aim of the research is a determination of features and adaptation of calculation method for determining of total evaporation “Penman‒Monteith” to the conditions of a drip irrigation of the Steppe of Ukraine (on the example of sugar beet).For achievement of this goal during the 2013‒2015years were conducted field experimental studies on the areas of Brylivske research field IWPaLR NAAS (Oleshkivs’ki district,Khersonregion).Using the modern tools (internet weather stations iMetos®, soil moisture stations iMetos®SM/ECHO/TNS/ECOD2) determined the benchmark ETo, calculated and actual values of total evaporation ЕТс. According to the results of field experiments was carried out an adjustment of culture coefficient Kc according to phases of sugar beet plants development using the deviations from standard conditions.Determined that the values of the actual coefficient of culture Kc (fact.), for sugar beet in the conditions of drip irrigation of Ukraine Steppe, differs from a standard Kc-FAO. At the initial and pre-final stages of the sugar beet plants development Kc-FAO overestimates the actual value from 20‒35 to 57‒70 %, and in the middle of the season, on the contrary – underestimates on 8‒10 %. This, in turn, leads in fact to conduction of three additional waterings at the beginning and at the end of vegetation period of sugar beet and to the soil moisture deficits in the critical period of plants development.Taking into account the clear correlation of Kc-FAO and Kc (fact.) to measure the actual evapotranspiration of sugar beet plants we recommend the use corrected values of Kc (kor.).

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Published
2017-07-07
Section
Agricultural sciences (agronomics, agricultural ecology, land reclamation, ecology, crops husbandry, farming)