Biological method as a constituent of integrated plant protection in modern conditions

  • I. I. Mostoviak Uman National University of Horticulture, Uman, Ukraine
Keywords: integrated plant protection; agrocenosis; harmful organisms; environmental safety; biodiversity; ecosystem services


The current state of application of the biological method in integrated plant protection in the world, and in the Ukraine in particular, is analyzed and generalized. The biological method is recognized as a strategic ecological and biological method of control of hazardous organisms in modern agricultural production of many countries of the world, the European Union and аlso it is consolidated at legislative level. The biological method of plant protection is used on an area of more than 30 million hectares in the world. It is conditioned by its environmental safety for agricultural producers and consumers of agricultural products and for natural environment. Due to natural origin and high specificity for a particular type of pests, biological methods of plant protection have a high degree of environmental safety, ensure the conservation and expansion of biodiversity to support ecosystem services in agroecosystems, as well as positively impact on soil biota, promote the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, in comparison with the traditional technologies, in which one chemical pesticides are used. According to the forecasts of international experts, by 2020 the market for biopesticides will reach the level 6 billion US dollars. The situation in the Ukraine today is completely different: the dominance of the chemical method of plant protection with a small part (4-5%) of the application of the biological method and biological preparations, the lack of state control and strategy for the introduction of biological preparations. And this requires radical changes in the current legislation of the country. The available data on the application of the biological method of plant protection are summarized. The world production of biopesticides used in the integrated plant protection for control of harmful organisms, which insure environmental safety in agrocenoses, quality and safety of agricultural products, is analyzed. The positive aspects of the application of the biological method of plant protection in the system of integrated plant protection as еру basis for support of balanced development and ecological safety of agrocenoses are determined


Andreiuk, K. I., Iutynska, H. O., & Antypchuk, A. F. (2001). Functioning of microbial cenoses under conditions of anthropogenic loading. Oberehy, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Bach, E. M., & Wall, D. H. (2018). Trends in global biodiversity: soil biota and processes. In: D. A. DellaSala, M. I. Goldstein (Eds.), The encyclopedia of the anthropocene (pp. 125–130). Elsevier, Oxford.

Bardgett, R., & van der Putten, W. (2014). Belowground biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Nature, 515(7528), 505–511. doi: 10.1038/nature13855

Burges, H. D. (1981). Safety, safety testing and quality control of microbial pesticides. In: H. D. Burges (Ed.), Microbial control of pests and plant diseases (pp. 738–768). Academic Press Inc., London.

Cantrell, C. L., Dayan, F. E., & Duke, S. O. (2012). Natural pro-ducts as sources for new pesticides. Journal of Natural Products, 75(6), 1231–1242. doi: 10.1021/np300024u

Cock, M. J. W., van Lenteren, J. C., Brodeur, J., Barratt, B. I. P., Bigler, F., Bolckmans, K. … Parra, J. R. P. (2010). Do new access and benefit sharing procedures under the convention on biological diversity threaten the future of biological control? Biological Control, 55, 199–218. doi: 10.1007/s10526-009-9234-9

Crowder, D. W., & Jabbour, R. (2014). Relationships between biodiversity and biological control in agroecosystems: current status and future challenges. Biological Control, 75, 8–17. doi: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2013.10.010

Czaja, K., Góralczyk, K., Struciński, P., Hernik, A., Korcz, W., Minorczyk, M. … Ludwicki, J. K. (2015). Biopesticides – towards increased consumer safety in the European Union. Pest Management Science, 71(1), 3–6. doi: 10.1002/ps.3829

Dukach, V. (2008). Biostimulators of growth in plant life. Ahrovisnyk, 11, 23–25 (in Russian).

Dunham, W. C. (2015). Evolution and future of biocontrol. Paper presented at the 10th Annual Biocontrol Industry Meeting (ABIM). Switzerland, Basel.

Eilenberg, J., Hajek, A., & Lomer, C. (2001). Suggestions for unifying the terminology in biological control. Biological Control, 46, 387–400. doi: 10.1023/A:1014193329979

Fedorenko, V. P. (2014). Prospects entomologicheskih research in Ukraine. Plant Protection and Quarantine, 60, 415–425 (in Ukrainian).

Gasic, S., & Tanovic, B. (2013). Biopesticide formulations, possibility of application and future trends. Pesticidi i fitomedicina, 28, 97–102. doi: 10.2298/PIF1302097G

Geertsema, W., Rossing, W. A. H., Landis, D. A., Bianchi, F., van Rijn, P., Schaminée, J. … van der Werf, W. (2016). Actionable knowledge for ecological intensification of agriculture. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14(4), 209–216. doi: 10.1002/fee.1258

Gerwick, B. C., & Sparks, T. C. (2014). Natural products for pest control: an analysis of their role, value and future. Pest Management Science, 70(8), 1169–1185. doi: 10.1002/ps.3744

Heimpel, G. E., & Cock, M. J. W. (2018). Shifting paradigms in the history of classical biological control. BioControl, 63(1), 27–37. doi: 10.1007/s10526-017-9841-9

Heimpel, G. E., Yang, Y., Hill, J. D., & Ragsdale, D. W. (2013). Environmental consequences of invasive species: greenhouse gas emissions of insecticide use and the role of biological control in reducing emissions. PLoS ONE, 8(8). e72293. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072293

Ilinykh, A. V. (2015). Methods of molecular biology to control the numbers of the phytophagous insects. Plant Protection and Quarantine, 1, 31–33 (in Russian).

Karpenko, V. P., Hrytsaienko, Z. M., Prytuliak, R. M., Poltoretskyi, S. P., Mostoviak, I. I., & Fomenko, O. O. (2012). Biological basis of integrated action of herbicides and plant growth regulators. Sochynskyi, Uman’ (in Ukrainian).

Köhler, H.-R., & Triebskorn, R. (2013). Wildlife ecotoxicology of pesticides: can we track effects to the population level and beyond? Science, 341, 759–765. doi: 10.1126/science.1237591

Koul, O. (2011). Microbial biopesticides: opportunities and challenges. CAB Rev., 6, 1–26. doi: 10.1079/pavsnnr20116056

Krutjakova, V. І., Hulych, O. І., & Pylypenko, L. А. (2018). Biological technique of protection of crops: prospects for Ukraine. Bulletin of Agricultural Science, 11, 159–167 (in Ukrainian). doi: 10.31073/agrovisnyk201811-20

Lorito, M., Woo, S. L., Harman, G. E., & Monte, E. (2010). Translational research on Trichoderma: from omics to the field. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 48(1), 395–417. doi: 10.1146/annurev-phyto-073009-114314

Maltseva, N. M., Davydova, O. Y., & Kots, S. Y. (2005). Phosphatase activity of rhizosphere and roots of cultivated plants in the application of new complex drugs. Physiology and Biochemistry of Cultivated Plants, 37(5), 443–451 (in Ukrainian).

MarketsandMarkets. (2015a). Biopesticides market by type (bioinsecticides, biofungicides, bioherbicides, and bionematicides), origin (beneficial insects, microbials, and biochemical), mode of application, formulation, crop type & region – global forecast to 2020.

MarketsandMarkets. (2015b). Plant growth regulators market by type (auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins), crop type (cereals & grains, fruits & vegetables, oilseeds & pulses, and turfs, ornamentals & others), & by region – global trends & forecast to 2020.

Matthews, K. A. (2014). Regulation of biopesticides by the environmental protection agency general overview of biopesticides regulation. In: J. N. Seiber, J. Coats, S. O. Duke, A. D. Gross (Eds.), Biopesticides state of the art and future opportunities (pp. 267–279). American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessmen. (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Mordor Intelligence. (2017). Global bioherbicides market ‒ growth, trends and forecast for the period 2017–2022. Dublin.

Moshi, A. P., & Matoju, I. (2017). The status of research on and application of biopesticides in Tanzania. Review Crop Protection, 92, 16–28. doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2016.10.008

Mostoviak, І. І. (2019). Ecological paradigm of integrated plant management. Plant Protection and Quarantine, 5–6(255), 12–16 (in Ukrainian).

Naranjo, S. E., Ellsworth, P. C., & Frisvold, G. B. (2015). Economic value of biological control in integrated pest management of managed plant systems. Annual Review of Entomology, 60(1), 621–645. doi: 10.1146/annurev-ento-010814-021005

Onyshchenko, O. I., Chaiuk, O. O., & Morhun, O. V. (2019). Adjusters of growth plants as a possible factor of a cucumber against fungous disease. Bulletin of Agricultural Science, 8, 28–33 (in Ukrainian).

Parnell, J. J., Berka, R., Young, H. A., Sturino, J. M., Kang, Y., Barnhart, D. M., & DiLeo, M. V. (2016). From the lab to the farm: an industrial perspective of plant beneficial microorganisms. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7, 1110. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01110

Ponomarenko, S., & Cheremkha, B. (1997). Biostimulants of growth. How to reduce pesticide presses in the field. Plant protection, 1, 4–5 (in Ukrainian).

Shternshis, M. V. (Ed.) (2004). Biological plant protection. Kolos, Moscow (in Russian).

Singh, R., Kumar, M., Mittal, A., & Kumar, M. P. К. (2017). Microbial metabolites in nutrition, healthcare and agriculture. 3 Biotech, 7(1), 15. doi: 10.1007/s13205-016-0586-4

Tsiafouli, M. A., Thébault, E., Sgardelis, S. P., de Ruiter, P. C., van der Putten, W. H., Birkhofer, K. … Hedlund, K. (2015). Intensive agriculture reduces soil biodiversity across Europe. Global Change Biology, 21(2), 973–985. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12752

Usta, C. (2013). Microorganisms in biological pest control – a review (bacterial toxin application andeffect of environmental factors). In: M. Silva-Opps (Ed.). Current progress in biological research (pp. 133–147). InTech, Rijeka. doi: 10.5772/55786

van Lenteren, J. C. (2012). The state of commercial augmentative biological control: plenty of natural enemies, but a frustrating lack of uptake. BioControl, 57, 1–20. doi: 10.1007/s10526-011-9395-1

van Lenteren, J. C., & Godfray, H. C. J. (2005). European science in the enlightenment and the discovery of the insect parasitoid life cycle in The Netherlands and Great Britain. Biological Control, 32, 12–24. doi: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2004.08.009

van Lenteren, J. C., Bolckmans, K., Köhl, J., Ravensberg, W. J., & Urbaneja, A. (2018). Biological control using invertebrates and microorganisms: plenty of new opportunities. Biological Control, 63(1), 39–59. doi: 10.1007/s10526-017-9801-4

Volkohon, V. V., & Salnyk, V. P. (2005). The importance of plant growth regulators in the formation of active nitrogen-fixing symbioses and associations. Physiology and Biochemistry of Cultivated Plants, 37(3), 187–197 (in Ukrainian).

Waage, J. K., & Greathead, D. J. (1988). Biological control: challenges and opportunities. Phil Trans R Soc Lond B., 318, 111–128.

How to Cite
Mostoviak, I. (2020). Biological method as a constituent of integrated plant protection in modern conditions. Agrology, 3(1), 46-51.
Review articles