State of populations of non-migratory and introduced species of water bioresources in the water area of the upper part of the Dniprovs’ke water reservoir in the autumn period

  • R. O. Novitskyi Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • O. O. Khristov Company Research Center “Dnipro Natural Inspection”, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • T. Y. Kuliush Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • M. S. Tereschuk Company Research Center “Dnipro Natural Inspection”, Dnipro, Ukraine
Keywords: ichthyological research; watery bioresources; gill net; trawl fishing; commercial fishery


In the Dniprovs’ke (Zaporizh’ke) water reservoir in 2016–2019 works are being carried out introduction fish-bioameliorants (grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis, common carp Cyprinus сapriо). In the water area of the upper part of the reservoir the author’s supervision over the research work “Development of the project of reproductive and biomeliorative measures on the Dniprovs’ke water reservoir (upper part)” is carried out, including a comprehensive analysis of the state non-migratory and introduced species of water bioresources in the water area of the upper part of the Dniprovs’ke water reservoir. In autumn period the complex ichthyological investigations were performed on the upper part of the Dniprovs’ke water reservoir within city of Dnipro. The state of populations native and introduced fish species had investigated before wintering. The industrial fishing gears were used to catch watery bioresources – gill net with 38‒90 mm mesh size and small-mesh trawl with mesh size of 5 mm. The most significant accumulations of watery bioresources were recorded in the Mandrykivska bay of the water reservoir (silver carp, spotted silver carp, grass carp, common carp). Most species are represented by large-sized individuals (age group 5+ and above). The selectivity of large mesh nets was noted. The species composition of the catch differs by 100% in fishing gear with the mesh size of 75 mm and 80 mm. Most species introducents are withdrawn by means of nets with mesh size of 80 mm or more. By means of search trawl fishing with specialized small-size mesh trawl has been revealed significant industry fishing concentration bleak Alburnus alburnus and slightly black sea sardelle Clupeonella cultriventris on Mandrykivska bay. The catch by one trawl per 15 minutes was 132.62 kg (with a part of A. alburnus 94.2% by weight). The positive environmental and economic profitability of trawl fishing is noted. It is emphasized that the withdrawal of short-cycle species is the necessary measure of biological melioration in the Dniprovs’ke water reservoir. At the same time, the obtained biological production are withdrawn and the competitive relations of A. alburnus and C. cultriventris in the coastal zone with young commercial species, especially with fingerling are decreased. In the analysis the maximum allowable by-catch of fish of non-commercial measures in the bleak-ruff and sardelle of fishing gears did not exceed the indicator of 0.34% of the total mass of fish catch. It is proposed to more actively introduce catching with small-size mesh trawl in the water area of the upper part of the water reservoir for withdrawal bleak and black sea sardelle


Bonar, S. A., & Hubert, W. A. (2009). Standard methods for sampling North American freshwater fishes. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Burmakin, E. V. (1963). Acclimatization of freshwater fish in the USSR. News of GosNIIORH, 53, 2-317 (in Russian).

Buzevich, I. Y. (2012a). Indices of biodiversity of ichthyofauna of the Dnieper reservoirs as factors affecting the amount of commercial fish catches. Fisheries Science of Ukraine. 1(19). 4–8 (in Ukrainian).

Buzevich, I. Y. (2012b). State and perspectives of exploitation of commercial ichthyofauna of large lowland reservoirs of Ukraine. (Doctor’s thesis). Institute of Fisheries of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Environmental Canada. (2001). Threat to sources of drinking water and aquatic ecosystems health in Canada. National water research. (Report No. 1, 1‒72). National water research Institute, Burlington.

FAO of the United Nations. (2010). Fisheries and Aquaculture Department: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Accessed March 16, 2010). Retrieved from

Grynzhevskiy, М. V. (1998). Aquaculture of Ukraine. Vilna Ukraina, Lviv (in Russian).

Institute of Fisheries of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences. (1998). The methodology for the collection and processing of ichthyological and hydrobiological materials with the aim of determining the limits for commercial fishing of fish from large reservoirs and estuaries of Ukraine. Кyiv (in Ukrainian).

Krzywosz, T., Krzywosz, W., & Radziej, J. (1980). The effect of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Val.) on aquatic vegetation and ichthyofauna of Lake Dgaі Wielki. Ecol. Pol., 28, 433–450.

Luna, S., & Baily, N. (2010). Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) Silver carp. Fish Base (Accessed February 18, 2010). Retrieved from http: // SpeciesSummary.php?ID=274

Movchan, Y. V. (2011). Fishes of Ukraine. Zoloti vorota, Кyiv (in Ukrainian).

Nelson, J. S. (2006). Fishes of the world (4rd ed.). John Wiley & Sons, NewYork–Singapore.

Nelson, J. S., Grande, T. C., & Wilson, M. V. H. (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken. doi: 10.1002/9781119174844

Novitskyi, R. O. (2015). Recreational fishery in Ukraine: scales, size and development. Ecology and nature management: collection of scientific works, 19, 148–156 (in Ukrainian).

Novitskyi, R. O., Kochet, V. N., Khristov, O. O., & Kuzora, V. E. (2015). Contemporary feature of ichthyofauna channel “Dnipro–Donbas”. The Journal of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series “Biology”, 25, 191–195 (in Ukrainian).

Pakhomov, A. Y., Gasso, V. Y., Goloborodko, K. K., Loza, E. V., Didur, O. A., Novitskiy, R. A., & Ponomarenko, A. L. (2016). Issues of the ecosystem services provided by animals under anthropogenic pressure within Ukrainian steppe: monograph. East West Association for Advanced Studies and Higher Education GmbH, Vienna.

Pryachin, Y. V., & Shkickiyi, V. A. (2008). Methods for fishery research. Publishing house Southern Science Center Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don (in Russian).

Pyšek, P., & Richardson, D. M. (2010). Invasive species, environmental change and management, and ecosystem health. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 35, 25–55. doi: 10.1146/annurev-environ-033009-095548

Romanenko, V. D. (2006). Methods of hydroecological studies of surface water. Logos, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Suchoyvan, P. G., & Vyatchanina, L. I. (1989). Fish population and its productivity. In: Invertebrates and fishes of Dnieper and Fish population and its productivity our reservoirs (pp. 136–173). Naukova Dumka, Кyiv (in Russian).

Vasylieva, O. M., Novitskyi, R. O., Hubanova, N. L., Horchanok, A. V., & Sapronova, V. O. (2019). Dynamics of quality inducators of fish status in the waters of “Dnipro–Donbas” channel resulting seasonal pumping. Agrology, 2(2), 106‒111 (in Ukrainian). doi: 10.32819/019015

Vovk, P. S., & Stetsenko, L. I. (1985). Phytophage fish in the reservoir ecosystem. Naukova Dumka, Кyiv (in Russian).

Witkowski, A. (1996). Introduced fish species in Poland: pros and cons. Archives of Polish Fisheries, 4, 101–112.

How to Cite
Novitskyi, R., Khristov, O., Kuliush, T., & Tereschuk, M. (2020). State of populations of non-migratory and introduced species of water bioresources in the water area of the upper part of the Dniprovs’ke water reservoir in the autumn period. Agrology, 3(1), 25-32.
Оriginal researches