Ecological niche packing and spatial organisation of the urban park macrofauna comminity

  • N. V. Yorkina Bogdan Khmelnitsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University, Melitopol, Ukraine
  • O. M. Kunakh Oles Gonchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • V. S. Budakova Bogdan Khmelnitsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University, Melitopol, Ukraine
Keywords: soil macrofauna; ecological niche; spatial ecology; ecomorphes


The results of studying of the spatial organization of the soil macrofauna of the urbanozem of the grassland were processed by OMI- and RLQ-analysis methods. The biogeocenotical situation at the location of an experimental polygon was shown to be typical of a meadow-steppe mega-mesotrophic xeromesophic character. The data for the research was collected by means of manual sorting of the soil samples with the area of 0.25×25 cm on a regular grid (7×15 samples) with the distance between the selection points 2 m (results presented as L-table), the measurement of temperature, electrical conductivity and soil penetration resistance, the litter depth and the height of the grass (R-table). The soil macrofauna of the experimental area was represented by 27 species with a total density of 56.38 ind./м2. The ecological structure of the ani-mal community of the soil was dominated by the pratants and silvants, mesophiles, olygotropic, endogeic topomorphs, saprophagous. Such edaphic characteristics as soil penetration resistance, electrical conductivity, litter depth, as well as height of grass, played an important role in structuring of ecological niche of macrofauna community. The first two axis of OMI analysis described 73.43% of inertia, which was sufficient for the description of the differentiation ecological niches of macrofauna on the investigated polygon to conduct in the space of the first two axes. For the average value of the marginality of the community (OMI = 2.90), the significance level was р = 0.001, which testifies to the important role of the selected environment variables for structuring of the soil macrofauna community. The four key functional groups of macrofauna were found as a result, the RLQ-analysis and the next cluster procedure and assessed the role of the edaphic factors in their spatial variation. Each of the functional groups was interpreted in terms of an ecomorphic approach.  


Angermeier, P. L., & Winston, M. R. (1998). Local vs regional influences on local diversity in stream fish community of Virginia. Ecology, 79(3), 911–927. doi: 10.2307/176589

Austen, D. J., Bayley, P. B., & Menzel, B. W. (1994). Importance of the guild concept to fisheries research and management. Fisheries, 19(6), 12–20. doi: 10.1577/1548-8446(1994);2

Belgard, A. L. (1950). Forest vegetation of South-Eeast part of the USSR. Kyiv State University, Kyiv.

Bernhardt-Romermann, M., Romermann, C., Nuske, R., Parth A., Klotz, S., Schmidt, W., & Stadler, J. (2008). On the identification of the most suitable traits for plant functional trait analyses. Oikos, 117(10), 1533–1541. doi: 10.1111/j.0030-1299.2008.16776.x

BrindʼAmour, A., Boisclair, D., Dray, & Legendre, S., (2011). Relationships between species feeding traits and environmental conditions in fish communities: A three-matrix. Ecological Applications, 21(2), 363–377. doi: 10.1890/09-2178.1

BrindʼAmour, A., Boisclair, D., Legendre, P., & Borcard, D., (2005). Multiscale spatial distribution of a littoral fish community in relation to environmental variables. Limnology and Oceanography, 50(2), 465–479. doi: 10.4319/lo.2005.50.2.0465

Calinski, T., & Harabasz, J. (1974). A dendrite method for cluster analysis. Communications in Statistics ‒ Theory and Methods, 3(1), 1–27. doi: 10.1080/03610927408827101

Doledec, S., Chessel, D., Ter Braak, C. J. F., & Champely, S., (1996). Matching species traits to environmental variables: A new three-table ordination method. Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 3, 143–166. doi: 10.1007/bf02427859

Dray, S. & Dufour, A. B. (2007). The ade4 package: implementing the duality diagram for ecologists. Journal of Statistical Software, 22(4), 1–20. doi: 10.18637/jss.v022.i04

Dray, S., Pettorelli, N., & Chessel, D. (2002). Matching data sets from two different spatial samples. Journal of Vegetation Science, 13(6), 867–874. doi: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2002.tb02116.x

Gilarov, M. S. (1965). Zoological methods of the soils diagnostic. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).

Kabar, A. N. (2003). Biological and ecological features of soil cover in Botanical garden of Dnepropetrovsk State University (formation, development, sustainable use). (Doctoral dissertation). Proquest Dissertations and Theses (in Russian).

Karpachevsky, L. O. (2005). Ecological soil science. Geos, Moscow (in Russian).

Kunah, O. N., Zhukov, O. V., & Balik, Y. A. (2013). Ecomorphic and spatial organization of mesopedobions of the forest park planting within Dnipropetrovsk. Problems of the ecology and nature protection of the technogenic region, 1(13), 106–121 (in Russian).

Kunah, O. N. (2016). Functional and spatial structure of the urbotechnozem mesopedobiont community. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, ecology, 24(2), 473–483. doi: 10.15421/011664

McGill, B. J., Enquist, B. J., Weiher, E., & Westoby, M. (2006). Rebuilding community ecology from functional traits. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 21(4), 178–185. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2006.02.002

Medvedev, V. V. (2009). Soil penetration resistance. Gorodskaya Tipografiya, Kharkov (in Russian).

Minden, V., Andratschke, S., Spalke, J., Timmermann, H., & Kleyer, M. (2012). Plant-trait environment relationships in salt marshes: deviations from predictions by ecological concepts. Perspectives in Plant Ecology. Evolution and Systematics, 14, 183–192. doi: 10.1016/j.ppees.2012.01.002

Mirzak, O. V. (2001). Experience of the investigation of the great industrials centers of the steppe zone of the Ukraine (city Dnipropetrovsk as example). Gruntosnavstvo, 1(1−2), 87−92.

Mouillot, D., Spatharis, S., Reizopoulou, S., Laugier, T., Sabetta, L., Basset, A., & Do Chi, T. (2006). Alternatives to taxonomic-based approaches to assess changes in transitional water. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 16(5), 469–482. doi: 10.1002/aqc.769

Olden, J. D., & Jackson, D. A. (2002). A comparison of statistical approaches for modelling fish species distributions. Freshwater Biology, 47(10), 1976–1995. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2427.2002.00945.x

Potapenko, O., Kunah, O. M., & Fedushko, M. P. (2019). The effect of technological oil spill in soil within electrical generation substations, analysed by ecological regime in the context of relief properties. Biosystems Diversity, 27(1), 43–50. doi: 10.15421/011907

Santoul, F., Cayrou, J., Mastrorillo, S., & Cereghino, R. (2005). Spatial patterns of the biological traits of freshwater fish communities in south-west France. Journal of Fish Biology, 66(2), 301–314. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00579.x

Smagin, A. V., Azovtseva, N. A., Smagina, M. V., Stepanov, A. L., Miagkova, A. D., & Kurbatova, A. S. (2006). Some criteria and estimation methods of soil ecological conditions regards to greenery of urban areas. Soil Sciences, 5, 603–615 (in Russian).

Tarasov, V. V. (2012). Dnipropetrovsk an Zaporozhie regions flora. Second ed. Lira, Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukrainian).

Thuiller, W., Lavorel, S., Midgley, G., Lavergne, S. & Rebelo, T. (2004). Relating plant traits and species distributions along bioclimatic gradients for Leucadendron taxa. Ecology, 85(6), 1688–1699. doi: 10.1890/03-0148

Tonn, W. M., Magnuson, J. J., Rask, M., & Toivonen, J. (1990). Intercontinental comparison of small–lake fish assemblages: the balance between local and regional processes. The American Naturalist, 136, 345–375. doi: 10.1086/285102

Zhukov, A. V., Kunah, O. N., Novikova, V. A., & Ganzha, D. S. (2016). Phytoindication estimation of soil mesopedobionts communities catena and their ecomorphic organization. Biological Bulletin of Bogdan Chmelnitskiy Melitopol State Pedagogical University, 6(3), 91–117 (in Russian). doi: 10.15421/201676

Zhukov, O. V. (2009). The ecomorphic analysis of the soil animals consortia. A. L. Svidler, Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukrainian).

Zhukov, O. V., Kovalenko, D. V., Kramarenko, S. S., & Kramarenko, A. S. (2019). Analysis of the spatial distribution of the ecological niche of the land snail Brephulopsis cylindrica (Stylommatophora, Enidae) in technosols. Biosystems Diversity, 27(1), 62–68. doi: 10.15421/011910

Zhukov, O. V., & Maslikova, K. P. (2018). The dependence of the technosols models functional properties from the primary stratigraphy designs. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 27(2), 399–407. doi: 10.15421/111864

Zhukov, O. V., Zadorozhna, G. O., Maslikova, K. P., Andrusevych, K. V., & Lyadskaya, I. V. (2017). Tehnosols Ecology: monograph. Zhurfond, Dnipro (in Ukrainian).

Zobel, M. (1997). The relative role of species pools in determining plant species richness: alternative esplanation of species coexistence? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 12(7), 266–269. doi: 10.1016/s0169-5347(97)01096-3

How to Cite
Yorkina, N., Kunakh, O., & Budakova, V. (2019). Ecological niche packing and spatial organisation of the urban park macrofauna comminity. Agrology, 2(4), 209-218.
Оriginal researches